Slovenian Women VideoSlovenian Lover
They are typical North Europeans, but their neighbors the Croats, Serbs and Montenegrins are tall, long-haired with dark skin. Some of them came here recently, fleeing the horrors of the recent Balkan wars.
That's turned out in Slovenia unusual mixture of peoples, which is now clearly expressed on the exterior and beauty of Slovenian women.
Slovenian women are distinguished by commitment and independence. They certainly know one of three languages of English, German or Italian.
Girls here have something similar to their neighbors, the Austrians - they are also rational and a little closed. They do not like to have fun, so openly as neighbors in the former socialist countries - Serbs and Montenegrins.
Females are a bit conservative, they respect family and clearly divide life on personal and social. The average Slovenian women are energetic, educated, have a wonderful sense of humor.
These girls are more independent and practical than men. Recently, at the first place for slovenian girls is their career. They know several foreign languages, driving cars.
These women dress with a light fraction of negligence, do not always use cosmetics. But this is their natural style and charm.
Published in Beauty ratings. Tagged under beauty ratings Europe Balkans. Top Beautiful Slovenian Women. Most Beautiful Twin Girls of the World.
Top Beautiful Scottish Women. Stronger than with either the Carniola as a whole, or with Slovenia as the state, Slovenes historically tend to identify themselves with the traditional regions of Slovene Littoral , Prekmurje , and even traditional sub regions, such as Upper, Lower and, to a lesser extent, Inner Carniola.
The 12 statistical regions have no administrative function and are subdivided into two macroregions for the purpose of the Regional policy of the European Union.
Since , it has been member of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. The growth surge was fuelled by debt, particularly among firms, and especially in construction.
The financial crisis of — and European sovereign-debt crisis had a significant impact on the domestic economy. An increasing burden for the Slovenian economy has been its rapidly ageing population.
In August , the year-on-year contraction was 0. The decrease in domestic consumption has been attributed to the fiscal austerity , to the freeze on budget expenditure in the final months of ,  to the failure of the efforts to implement economic reforms , to inappropriate financing, and to the decrease in exports.
Due to the effects of the crisis it was expected that several banks had to be bailed out by EU funds in , however needed capital was able to be covered by the country's own funds.
Fiscal actions and legislations aiming on the reduction of spendings as well as several privatisations supported an economic recovery as from Slovenia's total national debt at the end of September amounted to 15, million euros, A story about Slovenia allegedly being in need of a bailout was attributed by Finland's Europe Minister Alexander Stubb to "financial sharks" who wanted to capitalize on the story by creating self-fulfilling prophecies.
Almost two-thirds of people are employed in services, and over one-third in industry and construction. High level of openness makes Slovenia extremely sensitive to economic conditions in its main trading partners and changes in its international price competitiveness.
By , the A large pumped-storage hydro power plant Kozjak on the Drava River is in the planning stage. Slovenia offers tourists a wide variety of natural and cultural amenities.
Different forms of tourism have developed. The tourist gravitational area is considerably large, however the tourist market is small.
Other mountain ranges include Kamnik—Savinja Alps , the Karawanks , and Pohorje , popular with skiers and hikers. The Karst Plateau in the Slovene Littoral gave its name to karst , a landscape shaped by water dissolving the carbonate bedrock, forming caves.
The hills around Slovenia's second-largest town, Maribor , are renowned for their wine-making. Important parts of tourism in Slovenia include congress and gambling tourism.
Most of foreign tourists to Slovenia come from the key European markets: In , Slovenia was declared the world's first green country by the Netherlands-based organization Green Destinations.
The location at the junction of major geographic units and the area being traversed by major rivers have been the reasons for the intersection of the main transport routes in Slovenia.
Their course was established already in the Antiquity. A particular geographic advantage in recent times has been the location of the intersection of the Pan-European transport corridors V the fastest link between the North Adriatic, and Central and Eastern Europe and X linking Central Europe with the Balkans in the country.
This gives it a special position in the European social, economic and cultural integration and restructuring.
The existing Slovenian railways are out-of-date and can't compete with the motorway network. The major Slovenian port is the Port of Koper.
It is the largest Northern Adriatic port in terms of container transport,  with almost , TEUs annually  and lines to all major world ports.
Passenger transport mainly takes place with Italy and Croatia. Air transport in Slovenia is quite low,  but has significantly grown since Slovenia is among the European countries with the most pronounced ageing of its population, ascribable to a low birth rate and increasing life expectancy.
In , the suicide rate in Slovenia was 22 per , persons per year, which places Slovenia among the highest ranked European countries in this regard. The differences between regions and the genders are pronounced.
According to this definition statistical regions are classified:. The only large town is the capital, Ljubljana. Other medium-sized towns include Maribor, Celje, and Kranj.
The official language in Slovenia is Slovene , which is a member of the South Slavic language group. Slovene is a highly diverse Slavic language in terms of dialects ,  with different degrees of mutual intelligibility.
Accounts of the number of dialects range from as few as seven    dialects, often considered dialect groups or dialect bases that are further subdivided into as many as 50 dialects.
Hungarian and Italian , spoken by the respective minorities, enjoy the status of official languages in the ethnically mixed regions along the Hungarian and Italian borders, to the extent that even the passports issued in those areas are bilingual.
In around 0. Hungarian is co-official with Slovene in 30 settlements in 5 municipalities whereof 3 are officially bilingual. Italian is co-official with Slovene in 25 settlements in 4 municipalities all of them officially bilingual.
Romani ,  spoken in as the native language by 0. Romani-speakers mainly belong to the geographically dispersed and marginalized Roma community. A significant number of people in Slovenia speak a variant of Serbo-Croatian Serbian , Croatian , Bosnian , or Montenegrin as their native language.
These are mostly immigrants who moved to Slovenia from other former Yugoslav republics from the s to the late s, and their descendants.
Regarding the knowledge of foreign languages, Slovenia ranks among the top European countries. By the beginning of there were about , people with a foreign citizenship residing in the country making up 5.
The number of people immigrating into Slovenia rose steadily from  and has been increasing even more rapidly in recent years.
After Slovenia joined the EU in , the annual number of immigrants doubled by and increased by half yet again by As to emigration, between and World War I many men left Slovenia to work in mining areas in other nations.
The United States in particular has been a common choice for emigration, with the US Census showing that there were already ", persons in the USA of Slovenian mother tongue".
These areas attracted first many single men who often boarded with Slovenian families. Then after locating work and having sufficient money, the men sent back for their wives and families to join them.
Religion in Slovenia census [outdated] . Catholicism was an important feature of both social and political life in pre-Communist Slovenia.
After , the country underwent a process of gradual but steady secularization. After a decade of persecution of religions, the Communist regime adopted a policy of relative tolerance towards churches.
After , the Catholic Church regained some of its former influence, but Slovenia remains a largely secularized society. According to the census, A small number of Greek Catholics live in the White Carniola region.
Primoz Trubar , a theologian in the Lutheran tradition, was one of the most influential Protestant Reformers in Slovenia.
Protestantism was extinguished in the Counter-Reformation implemented by the Habsburg dynasty , which controlled the region.
It only survived in the easternmost regions due to protection of Hungarian nobles, who often happened to be Calvinist themselves. Today, a significant Lutheran minority lives in the easternmost region of Prekmurje , where they represent around a fifth of the population and are headed by a bishop with the seat in Murska Sobota.
Besides these two Christian denominations, a small Jewish community has also been historically present. Despite the losses suffered during the Holocaust , Judaism still numbers a few hundred adherents, mostly living in Ljubljana, site of the sole remaining active synagogue in the country.
According to the census, Islam is the second largest religious denomination with around 2. Most Slovenian Muslims came from Bosnia.
Slovenia's education ranks as the 12th best in the world and 4th best in the European Union , being significantly higher than the OECD average, according to the Programme for International Student Assessment.
Lifelong learning is also increasing. Responsibility for education oversight at primary and secondary level in Slovenia lies with the Ministry of Education and Sports.
After non-compulsory pre-school education, children enter the nine-year primary school at the age of six. In the academic year — there were , pupils enrolled in elementary education and more than 13, teachers, giving a ratio of one teacher per 12 pupils and 20 pupils per class.
The latter concludes with matura , the final exam that allows the graduates to enter a university. Slovenia has a widespread and diverse architectural heritage, including 2, churches, 1, castles, ruins, and manor houses, farmhouses, and special structures for drying hay, called hayracks kozolci.
The Idrija Mercury mining site is of world importance, as are the prehistoric pile dwellings in the Ljubljana Marshes.
The most picturesque church is the medieval and Baroque building on Bled Island. The castle above the lake is a museum and restaurant with a view.
Near Postojna there is a fortress called the Predjama Castle , half hidden in a cave. Museums in Ljubljana and elsewhere feature unique items such as the Divje Babe Flute and the oldest wheel in the world.
Ljubljana has medieval, Baroque, Art Nouveau, and modern architecture. Slovenian cuisine is a mixture of the Central European cuisine especially Austrian and Hungarian , the Mediterranean cuisine and the Balkan cuisine.
Historically, Slovenian cuisine was divided into town, farmhouse, cottage, castle, parsonage and monastic cuisines.
Due to the variety of Slovenian cultural and natural landscapes, there are more than 40 distinct regional cuisines. The nut roll potica has become a symbol of Slovenia, especially among the Slovene diaspora in the United States.
Soups were added to the traditional one-pot meals and various kinds of porridge and stew only in relatively recent history.
Each year since , the Festival of Roasted Potatoes has been organized by the Society for the Recognition of Roasted Potatoes as a Distinct Dish , attracting thousands of visitors.
Roasted potatoes, which have been traditionally served in most Slovenian families only on Sundays—preceded by a meat-based soup, such as beef or chicken soup—have been depicted on a special edition of post marks by the Post of Slovenia on 23 November Numerous folk dances along with colorful costumes distinguishing between single and married women are found throughout Slovenia.
Pueblo, Colorado, home to numerous Slovenian families who emigrated around , has an annual Slovenian Folklore festival.
A number of music, theater, film, book, and children's festivals take place in Slovenia each year, including the music festivals Ljubljana Summer Festival and Lent Festival , the stand up comedy Punch Festival , the children's Pippi Longstocking Festival , and the book festivals Slovene book fair and Frankfurt after the Frankfurt.
In , Maribor was the European Capital of Culture. The most notable music festival of Slovene music was historically the Slovenska popevka festival.
Between and the Novi Rock festival was notable for bringing rock music across Iron curtain from the West to the Slovenian and then Yugoslav audience.
The long tradition of jazz festivals in Titoist Yugoslavia began with the Ljubljana Jazz Festival which has beem held annually in Slovenia since He also performed in television and radio drama.
Women film directors include Polona Sepe , Hanna A. Slak , and Maja Weiss. In the 20th century, the Slovene literary fiction went through several periods: Postmodernist authors include Boris A.
There are several literary magazines that publish Slovene prose, poetry, essays, and local literary criticism. In the Bukla Magazine , issued free of charge, both fiction and non-fiction Slovene books published in the previous month are reviewed since The Slovenian Philharmonics , established in as part of Academia operosorum Labacensis , is among the oldest such institutions in Europe.
Music of Slovenia historically includes numerous musicians and composers, such as the Renaissance composer Jacobus Gallus — , who greatly influenced Central European classical music, the Baroque composer Janez Krstnik Dolar ca.
During the medieval era, secular music was as popular as church music, including wandering minnesingers.
By the time of Protestant Reformation in the 16th century, music was used to proselytize. The first Slovenian hymnal, Eni Psalmi , was published in This period saw the rise of musicians like Jacobus Gallus and Jurij Slatkonja.
In , Johann Berthold von Höffer — , a nobleman and amateur composer from Ljubljana, founded the Academia Philharmonicorum Labacensis , as one of the oldest such institutions in Europe, based on Italian models.
In the early 20th century, impressionism was spreading across Slovenia, which soon produced composers Marij Kogoj and Slavko Osterc. Kumar's Sonata z igro 12 A sonata with a play 12 , a set of variations on a rising chromatic scale , is particularly notable.
Harmony singing is a deep rooted tradition in Slovenia, and is at least three-part singing four voices , while in some regions even up to eight-part singing nine voices.
Slovenian folk songs, thus, usually resounds soft and harmonious, and are very seldom in minor. Traditional Slovenian folk music is performed on Styrian harmonica the oldest type of accordion , fiddle, clarinet, zithers , flute, and by brass bands of alpine type.
In eastern Slovenia , fiddle and cimbalon bands are called velike goslarije. From on, the Slavko Avsenik 's band began to appear in broadcasts, movies, and concerts all over the West Germany , inventing the original " Oberkrainer " country sound that has become the primary vehicle of ethnic musical expression not only in Slovenia, but also in Germany, Austria , Switzerland , and in the Benelux , spawning hundreds of Alpine orchestras in the process.
The band produced nearly original compositions, an integral part of the Slovenian-style polka legacy. Many musicians followed Avsenik's steps, including Lojze Slak.
A similarly high standing in Slovene culture, like the Sanremo Music Festival has had in Italian culture, was attributed to the Slovenska popevka , a specific genre of popular Slovene music.
Among pop, rock, industrial, and indie musicians the most popular in Slovenia include Laibach , an early s industrial music group. With more than 15 million views for the official a cappella " Africa " performance video since its publishing on YouTube in May until September  that earned them kudos from the song's co-writer, David Paich ,  Perpetuum Jazzile is the group from Slovenia that is internationally most listened online.
Slovenian metal bands include Noctiferia death metal , Negligence thrash metal , Naio Ssaion gothic metal , and Within Destruction deathcore.
Slovenia was the center for punk rock in Titoist Yugoslavia. Specialising in party techno and tech-house, the pair co-founded the label Recycled Loops as well as having releases on labels such as Novamute, Primate, Intec and Bassethound Records.
In addition to the main houses, which include Slovene National Theatre, Ljubljana and Maribor National Drama Theatre , a number of small producers are active in Slovenia, including physical theatre e.
Betontanc , street theatre e. A popular form is puppetry , mainly performed in the Ljubljana Puppet Theatre. Theater has a rich tradition in Slovenia, starting with the first ever Slovene-language drama performance.
Slovenia's visual arts , architecture, and design are shaped by a number of architects, designers, painters, sculptors, photographers, graphics artists, as well as comics, illustration and conceptual artists.
The most prestigious institutions exhibiting works of Slovene visual artists are the National Gallery of Slovenia and the Museum of Modern Art.
Nowadays, the Slovene visual arts are diverse, based on tradition, reflect the influence of neighboring nations and are intertwinned with modern European movements.
Internationally most notable Slovenian design items include the Rex chair, a Scandinavian design -inspired wooden chair, by interior designer Niko Kralj that was given in a permanent place in Designmuseum , Denmark , the largest museum of design in Scandinavia, and is included in the collection of the Museum of Modern Art MOMA in New York , as well.
An industrial design item that has changed the international ski industry is Elan SCX by Elan company. The renewal of Slovene sculpture begun with Alojz Gangl — who created sculptures for the public monuments of the Carniolan polymath Johann Weikhard von Valvasor and Valentin Vodnik , the first Slovene poet and journalist, as well as The Genius of the Theatre and other statues for the Slovenian National Opera and Ballet Theatre building.
Recently, Lila Prap 's illustrations gained popularity in Japan, where children's' cartoons based on her illustrations have been televised.
The first art exhibition in Slovenia was organized in the late 19th century by Ivana Kobilica , a woman-painter who worked in realistic tradition.
Espressionist painters include Veno Pilon and Tone Kralj whose picture book, reprinted thirteen times, is now the most recognisable image of the folk hero Martin Krpan.
Slovenia is a natural sports venue, with many Slovenians actively practicing sports. Association football gained popularity in the interwar period.
After , basketball, handball and volleyball have become popular among Slovenians, and from the mids onward, winter sports have, as well.
Since , Slovenian sportspeople have won 22 Olympic medals , including three gold medals, and 19 Paralympic medals , also with three golds.
Individual sports are also very popular in Slovenia, including tennis and mountaineering , which are two of the most widespread sporting activities in Slovenia.
Prominent team sports in Slovenia include football, basketball, handball, volleyball, and ice hockey.
The men's national football team qualified for one European and two World Cups and Slovenia also hosted the Eurobasket.
The men's national handball team has qualified for three Olympics, eight IHF World Championships , including their third-place finish at the edition, and for eleven European Championships.
Slovenia was the hosts of the European Championship , where the national team won silver. The national volleyball team won a silver medal at the European Championship.
Slovenia will co-host the European Championship. The national ice hockey team has played at 26 Ice Hockey World Championships and has qualified for the and Winter Olympics.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the country bordering the Adriatic Sea. For the landlocked country to its northeast, see Slovakia.
For the historic region of Croatia to its east, see Slavonia. For other uses, see Slovene disambiguation. Protected areas of Slovenia. Slovenian coast with cliffs.
Foreign relations of Slovenia. Statistical regions of Slovenia and Municipalities of Slovenia. List of cities and towns in Slovenia.
Languages of Slovenia and Slovene language. Ethnic composition of Slovenia according to the census  Slovene. Believer, no religion 3.
Slovenian cuisine and Slovenian wine. List of Slovene writers and poets in Hungary and List of Slovenian women writers.
Whereas the Constitution of Slovenia determines the title of the poem, the act about the anthem specifically determines its seventh stanza.
It has been argued that the act contradicts the constitution and that the question should be resolved by the Slovenian Constitutional Court.
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After a serious earthquake in , extensive sections of Ljubljana were rebuilt in the Art Nouveau style. Throughout Slovenia the focus of town life revolves around the older city centers, squares, churches, and marketplaces.
Food in Daily Life. Slovenia has a rich culinary tradition that is a product of both its climate and its location at the crossroads of central Europe.
Slovene culinary heritage is reflective of Mediterranean, Alpine, and Eastern European cultures. Although every region in Slovenia has its own specialties, most of Slovenia's oldest traditional dishes are made using flour, buckwheat, or barley, as well as potatoes and cabbage.
The town of Idrija, west of Ljubljana, is known for its idrija zlikrofi, spiced potato balls wrapped in thinly rolled dough, and zeljsevka, rolled yeast dough with herb filling.
The town of Murska Sobota, Slovenia's northernmost city, is famous for its prekmurska gibanica, a pastry filled with cottage cheese, poppy seeds, walnuts, and apple.
Slovenia also produces a variety of wines, an activity dating back to the days when the country was a part of the Roman Empire. Food Customs at Ceremonial Occasions.
There are some particular dishes prepared for special occasions including potica, a dessert with a variety of fillings, and braided loaves of traditional bread for Christmas.
In country towns the slaughtering of a pig, all parts of which are used to make a variety of pork products, is still a major event. After its independence from Yugoslavia in , Slovenia went through a period of transition as it adjusted to economic changes as a new, small republic moving away from socialism.
Although the first few years were difficult, Slovenia has now emerged as one of the strongest economies among the former socialist countries of Eastern Europe.
The economic outlook, however, remained unclear in the early twenty-first century as the rate of inflation hovered around 10 percent with unemployment at Slovenia's loss of its markets in the former Yugoslavia, which once accounted for 30 percent of its exports, has caused the country to modernize its factories and production methods as it seeks to attract foreign investment.
Slovenia's growth rate in was estimated at 3. Land Tenure and Property. Primogeniture, inheritance by the oldest son, historically determined land distribution in Slovenia.
Land and property were kept intact and passed down through families, a tradition that helped limit land fragmentation, which was common in other parts of the Balkans.
Despite its years under Yugoslavia's socialist government, Slovenia's strong tradition of family-owned property helped it maintain its distribution of property.
Agricultural land, accounting for almost 43 percent of the territory, and forests, covering more than half, make Slovenia the "greenest" country in Europe next to Finland.
Nevertheless, 52 percent of Slovenes live in urban areas in small houses and apartment buildings. Formerly state-owned farms and land have been reprivatized.
Among the numerous commercial activities in Slovenia, many cater to tourism. Slovenia's proximity to the Alps and the Mediterranean, along with its climate, makes it a popular tourist destination.
The business derived from tourist hotels, ski resorts, golf courses, and horseback-riding centers provides employment for a growing number of Slovenes.
Major industries include the production of electrical equipment, processed food, paper and paper products, chemicals, textiles, metal and wood products, and electricity.
Other important industries include the manufacturing of shoes, skis, and furniture. Coal mines and steel mills continue to operate and new factories, such as the French Renault car assembly plant, reflect recent foreign investment in Slovenia.
Germany is Slovenia's most important trading partner both for exports and imports. Other important trading partners include Croatia, Italy, France, and Austria.
Exports include chemical products, food and live animals, furniture, machinery, and transportation equipment.
Slovenia imports manufactured products and consumer goods. In the process of privatizing state-owned businesses was begun and many Slovenes have taken advantage of these changes to become owners of or shareholders in companies.
A large section of the population works in the tourism industry, but only one out of ten people work in agriculture. Many Slovenes, however, pursue small-scale agricultural activities, such as beekeeping and grape growing, as side businesses.
According to the census, 87 percent of people are Slovenes. There are approximately 8, ethnic Hungarians, 3, Italians, and 2, Gypsies living in Slovenia.
The Hungarian and Italian populations are recognized by the government as indigenous minorities and are protected under the constitution.
The Gypsies, however, are viewed with suspicion and are frequently targets of ethnic discrimination. Despite government attempts, past and present, to provide employment and increase school attendance among Gypsies, most of them continue to hold on to their nomadic way of life, shunning mainstream education and jobs.
Since the start of civil unrest in other regions of the former Yugoslavia, Slovenia has become a refuge for those escaping from both violence and poor economic conditions.
There are also several thousand migrants from Croatia who enter Slovenia every day to work. The peasants, who once accounted for a large part of the population, decreased dramatically in numbers during the post-World War II era as Slovenia, along with the rest of Yugoslavia, underwent a rapid transformation from an agricultural to an industrial society.
By the early s, over half of agricultural workers were women. Postwar industrialization created a new class of workers, including government employees who achieved desirable positions through education and political connections.
A small intellectual caste has been present in Slovenia since the nineteenth century. A large section of Slovenia's population is now a part of the well-educated, urban-dwelling middle class.
Extreme class differences between rich and poor are not present. Symbols of Social Stratification. Symbols of social stratification include the types of consumer goods found in many Western countries.
As Slovenia's A Slovenian peasant removes corn from the dried cobs while his wife holds his new hat.
Clothing is one sign of Slovenia's new affluence; the country has one of the strongest economies among the formerly socialist East European nations.
Cars, electronic appliances, and clothing are the most immediate signs of social stratification and the new affluence.
The process of government reform has been ongoing since the country's emergence as an independent nation in While some aspects of the former socialist rule have been maintained, the Slovene government has adopted several democratic measures, including a parliamentary form of government.
A constitution guarantees basic civil rights, including universal suffrage for all Slovenes over the age of eighteen, freedom of religion, and freedom of the press.
The National Assembly, or Drzavni Zbor, has exclusive control over the passage of new laws and consists of ninety deputies elected for four years by proportional representation.
There is also a forty-member Council of State, the Drzavni Svet, which functions as an advisory body and whose members are elected for five-year terms by region and special interest group.
The president is the head of state and supreme commander of the armed forces and cannot be elected for more than two five-year terms.
Executive power is held by the prime minister and a fifteen-member cabinet. Leadership and Political Officials. The seven political parties in Slovenia support ideologies ranging from the far right to the center-left.
In the parliamentary elections a centrist alliance of three parties gained the majority. President Milan Kucan was elected for a second term in , and Janez Drnovsek has served as prime minister since the first elections were held in Social Problems and Control.
Important social problems and issues include the country's transition to a free market economy, an aging population the average age for men is thirty-five, for women, thirty-eight , creating jobs for an educated population, and coping with the increasing number of migrant workers and refugees.
The crime rate is low but there has been a rise in organized and economic crime since Slovenia's independence and change to privatization.
Money laundering is a particularly increasing problem. Slovenia's location between Italy, Austria, and Hungary puts it in the middle of international money-laundering schemes.
The Slovene government is actively fighting the resulting problems. Foundry workers pouring molten metal into molds.
While women comprise 45 percent of the workforce, they are largely confined to the welfare, public services, and hospitality fields.
Slovenia requires seven months of military service for all males at age eighteen. As of , the country had an army of 9, active duty soldiers as well as a reserve force.
Division of Labor by Gender. In Slovenia women comprise 45 percent of the overall workforce and more than 60 percent of the workforce in the agricultural sector.
In addition, primary school teachers are almost exclusively women. Industrialization and education have dramatically changed women's roles in the workplace, but aspects of Slovenia's traditionally patriarchal society still persist.
Women work primarily in three fields: The Relative Status Women and Men. Although women were granted complete civil and political rights after World War II, feminist groups state that industrialization has not eradicated the traditional patriarchy but has only created a situation where women are exploited.
Women are often treated as sex objects and are still expected to take care of all domestic matters even if they work full-time outside the home.
Despite years of socialism, Slovenian society is still oriented around the extended family. Rights and duties are more rigorously defined by family relationships than in the West.
Although the average age for a first marriage has increased, marriage is considered important for maintaining and strengthening family bonds.
Religious and cultural influences help keep the divorce rate low. In urban areas, the domestic unit is typically married adults and their children, if they have any, and sometimes older relatives.
In rural areas, extended families—often larger than those found in cities—live together or share property. Relatives who are unable to care for themselves usually reside with family members.
Before the twentieth century, family-based organizations called zadruga held property and farmed land in common. Both formal and customary law determined the obligations and rights of zadruga members.
Child Rearing and Education. Education is mandatory and free until age fifteen. After this, students can choose a school that is more specialized if they wish to continue education.
Most of the population has some basic education; another 42 percent have secondary schooling past age fifteen at a high school; and approximately 9 percent receive higher, university education.
There is a national, standardized curriculum. Competition for university places is strong. For Slovenes over ten years old, the literacy rate is placed at 99 percent.
Around 36 percent of the people receive postsecondary or higher levels of education. There are thirty institutions of higher learning but only two universities, the University of Ljubljana, founded in , and the University of Maribor.
Admittance to the universities is competitive but there are numerous schools that offer professional degrees. It is also possible to obtain a two-year "first stage" degree, equivalent to an associate degree, at the universities.
A bridge leading to a Baroque-style church in Ljubljana. The majority of Slovenes, approximately 71 percent, identify themselves as Roman Catholic; Roman Catholicism has undoubtedly influenced Slovene culture more than any other religious belief.
Protestantism gained a strong position during the Reformation in the s but later saw its numbers of practitioners diminish. Eastern Orthodox Christians comprise 2.
Most of the Protestants belong to the Lutheran church in Murska Sobota. There was once a small Jewish population in Slovenia but Jews were banished from the area in the fifteenth century.
Although the ruins of a synagogue can still be seen in Maribor, there is no longer an active Jewish temple anywhere in Slovenia today.
The rabbi of Zagreb, Croatia, occasionally holds services for the tiny Jewish community that lives in Ljubljana. Rituals and Holy Places.
There are several churches that are considered pilgrimage sites and places of spiritual renewal. In Brezje, a basilica dedicated to Saint Vid was first established in the s.
At the center of this church is a chapel dedicated to the Virgin Mary, with paintings by Leopold Layer. The Gothic church of Ptujska Gora, located on top of a mountain, was erected at the end of the fourteenth century and is famous for its beautiful altar.
Another pilgrimage church is located at Sveta Gora in the foothills of the Alps. The feast days of the Virgin Mary are the central pilgrimage days for all three churches.
There are two monasteries, Sticna Monastery and Pleterje Carthusian Monastery, which are open to visitors who often come not only for spiritual reflection but also to purchase the herbal remedies for which the monks are famous.
Health care is provided by the government for all of Slovenia's citizens. Life expectancy has increased and is almost at western European levels: The birthrate is low, under 10 per 1, people, and infant mortality is 5.
Support for the Arts. There is generally a strong interest in supporting the arts in Slovenia and enthusiastic patronage of cultural events.
Under the Yugoslav socialist government, arts and culture received state support. As an independent nation, Slovenia is seeking to maintain the same level of support for the arts, although privatization is changing the way institutions and artists are funded.
Literature has always been enthusiastically supported in Slovenia, and with the country's high literacy rate, this interest continues to grow.
The earliest written texts in Slovene, which were religious, date from around C. The first published book in Slovene appeared in , and in a Slovene grammar text and Bible were published.
Until the late eighteenth century, however, almost all books published in Slovenia were in Latin or German.
Slovenian literature flourished in the early s during the Romantic period and began to develop an identity. In the second half of the nineteenth century, Fran Levstik published his interpretation of oral Slovene folktales, and in Josip Juri published the first long novel completely in Slovene, entitled The Tenth Brother.
Slovenian literature immediately before and after World War II was heavily influenced by socialist realism and the struggles of the war period.
She married Donald Trump in and obtained U. Knavs grew up in a modest apartment in a housing block in Sevnica , in the Lower Sava Valley. When Knavs was a teenager, she moved with her family to a two-story house in Sevnica.
She attended the Secondary School of Design and Photography in Ljubljana  and studied architecture and design at the University of Ljubljana for one year before she dropped out.
She began modeling at five years old and started doing commercial work at sixteen when she posed for the Slovenian fashion photographer Stane Jerko.
At eighteen, she signed with a modeling agency in Milan, Italy. After attending the University of Ljubljana for one year,  she modeled for fashion houses in Paris and Milan , where in she met Metropolitan Models co-owner Paolo Zampolli , a friend of her future husband Donald Trump , who was on a scouting trip in Europe.
Zampolli urged her to travel to the United States, where he said he would like to represent her. In , Knauss moved to Manhattan. She also marketed a Melania Skin Care Collection, sold in high-end department stores.
When Midelfart went off to use the restroom, Trump approached Knauss and asked for her telephone number. She took his phone number instead, and they subsequently began a relationship and frequented the s Greenwich Village hot spot Moomba.
In , the couple gained attention after an interview on The Howard Stern Show. In , she appeared with Donald Trump while he campaigned for that year's Reform Party presidential nomination; she also modeled for the Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue.
Knauss and Donald Trump became engaged in On March 20, , she gave birth to their son, Barron William Trump.
In November , she was asked about her husband's presidential campaign and replied: He loves the American people and he wants to help them.
She also said she would combat cyberbullying , especially among children. In July , her official website was redirected to trump.
On Twitter, she stated that her site was outdated and did not "accurately reflect [her] current business and professional interests". On July 18, , she gave a speech at the Republican National Convention.
The speech contained a paragraph that was nearly identical to a paragraph of Michelle Obama 's speech at the Democratic National Convention.
The Mail retracted the article, apologized, and printed the retraction from the blogger they were quoting, who said: Trump are not true and we retract and withdraw them.
Five days before the election, she told a crowd of supporters in Pennsylvania: It is never OK when a year-old girl or boy is mocked, bullied, or attacked.
It is terrible when that happens on the playground. And it is absolutely unacceptable when it is done by someone with no name hiding on the Internet.
She is the second foreign-born woman to hold the title of First Lady, after Louisa Adams , wife of John Quincy Adams , who was born in in London to a father from Maryland and an English mother.
She spoke to an audience of women about her life as a female immigrant, and about working towards gender equality both domestically and abroad, noting the role of education as a tool against gender inequality.
On January 30, — the night of the State of the Union address — she broke with tradition when she rode with her guests in a separate car in the Presidential motorcade, rather than riding with her husband in the presidential limousine.
On March 13, , Trump scheduled a March 20 meeting with policy executives from technology companies, including Amazon , Facebook , Google , Snap , and Twitter , to address online harassment and Internet safety, with a particular focus on how those issues affect children.
Trump said "I am well aware that people are skeptical of me discussing this topic," but "that will not stop me from doing what I know is right.
Trump took an active role in planning the Trump administration's first state dinner on April 23, , to honor French President Emmanuel Macron.
In October , Trump took a four-country, sole tour of Africa, without her husband, focusing on conservation and children and families, visiting Ghana , Malawi , Kenya , and Egypt.
On May 7, , Trump formally started the Be Best public awareness campaign, focusing on well-being for youth, and advocating against cyberbullying and drug use.
On June 17, , referring to the Trump administration's "Zero Tolerance" immigration policy under which children were separated from their parents , Trump stated that she "hates to see children separated from their families" and wants there to be "successful immigration reform.
Trump almost immediately became a fashion icon after her husband's inauguration on January 20, , with various media outlets reporting on her fashion choices.
Vogue has compared Trump's wardrobe as First Lady to that of Jacqueline Kennedy and Nancy Reagan , noting that she prefers "strongly tailored pieces" in bold colors and almost exclusively wears high-end designers.
Trump's native language is Slovene. She also speaks English and Serbo-Croatian. On May 14, , she underwent an embolization , a minimally-invasive procedure to deliberately block a blood vessel,  to treat a benign kidney condition.
The procedure was successful and there were no complications reported. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. First Lady of the United States.
Donald Trump presidential campaign, Retrieved June 14, Retrieved October 1, Retrieved November 30, Retrieved March 2, Retrieved November 17, Retrieved April 30, Retrieved September 1, Retrieved May 26, Melania Trump is the exception to her husband's nativist politics".
Dolenjski list [Lower Carniola Newspaper] in Slovenian. Retrieved November 22, Getting to Know Melania Trump".
Retrieved September 4, Retrieved November 25, Retrieved June 26, Knauss, an artist, has also shared throwback images of her own fashion designs.
The paper found that Trump's sister is an artist, and her Facebook page is filled with her work, including sketches and paintings.
Ines Knauss has lived close to Melania for two decades and is a longtime confidant of the First Lady. ABC News March 7, Retrieved August 28, Retrieved October 11, Retrieved May 25, Donald Trump is Presbyterian; the couple married in an Episcopal church.
Melania Trump - The Inside Story: The Potential First Lady Kindle. Melanija Knavs was baptised on 14 June in Raka the village where here mother came from.The family decided to move to Ljubljana when Vladimir was in secondary school. Our nation has always been a nation of bunglers and a friend of compromise". Set in Persia in the eleventh century, Alamut is the story of Hassan Ibn Sabah, an old man who becomes the head of the Ashashini sect. While his mother later largely renounced her feminist views in practice, the young Vladimir was adamant to pursue his dreams and become a writer. The title, which in Arabic means the wall between heaven and hell the wall of cognition , is a bit misleading as the 27 short stories are a psychological and philosophical view of day-to-day problems of urban life. This would only indicate that not much has changed since Bartol complained about the humility and low self esteem of Slovenians. Alamut was an immediate hit in France, and the 30, copies printed were sold out in a matter of months. Jug was a fervent believer in Nietzsche's "will to power" and, unlike many other philosophers, he actually practiced what he preached. Jug left an indelible impression on Bartol, the ultimate result being that his opponents too often criticised him as a philosopher and ideologist, and forgot about his literary work. Regular fit with scoop neck, capped sleeves, and curved hem for style. Bartol was born in in a small village near Trieste into the family of a post office worker, Gregor Bartol. While his mother later largely renounced casino euskirchen programm feminist views in practice, the young Vladimir was adamant to pursue online casino australia no deposit dreams and become a writer. The short stories bear distinct live casino 888 poker of psychoanalysis, Beste Spielothek in Bellenmühle finden was unusual of Slovenian literary works at the time. When he wrote the final word of his masterpiece, he became paranoid about the quasargaming bankuberweisung of someone stealing his manuscript or losing it to a blaze of fire. The undeterred self-confidence that he showed as a youngster later helped him weather the storm of criticism that he was exposed to due to his life philosophy and writing. They are fanatic desperados fearless of death. He gets them high on hashish, gives them transfergerüchte hsv taste of what they believe to be heaven, and sends them to suicide missions they are eager to fulfil. They are fanatic desperados fearless of death. While at university, Bartol made friends with the young philosopher and alpine climber Klement Jug. After the initial negative attitude towards Bartol, Slovenian readers have become increasingly approving of his work. The family decided to move to Ljubljana when Vladimir was in secondary school. Alamut casino x an immediate hit in France, and the 30, copies printed were sold out in a mainz 05 malli of months. People who want to fight by his side must be in love with death. Zalozba sanje has already announced it will shortly publish a selection of Bartol's lampoons. The character of Hassan Ibn Sabah was strongly reminiscent of the likes of Hitler, Mussolini and Stalin, who were in power when the novel was published. This would only indicate that not much has changed since Bartol complained about the humility and low self esteem of Slovenians. They are fanatic desperados fearless of death. More than Just Alamut After publishing the fourth reprint of Alamut in the book has been on the best-selling list for months the publishing house Zalozba sanje also reprinted a collection of Bartol's short stories, entitled Al Araf, in December. After the initial negative attitude towards Beste Spielothek in Aspach finden, Slovenian readers have become increasingly approving of his work. The only other contemporary of Bartol to apply psychoanalysis in his writings was Slavko Grum; he too only achieved critical acclaim after his death. It also achieved its deserved recognition in Slovenia, as it became assigned reading in secondary school. Alamut was an immediate hit in France, and the 30, copies printed were sold out in a matter of months.